Angelfish fry food

Angelfish fry food

In this article, we will go through angelfish fry dietary needs and how to take care of them till they become adults.

So without further ado, let’s jump right into it.

What Do Angelfish Fry Eat in the Wild?

In the wild, angelfish fry will consume anything they can fit into their mouths. This includes microflora and fauna, such as algae, micro worms, and other small invertebrates.

However, the wild waters they live in are full of dangers, and only a small percentage survive long enough to reach adult size.

What Do Angelfish Babies Eat?

In contrast to the fry of livebearers, which are big enough to consume commercial flake food as soon as they hatch, angelfish fry require some time before being fed on regular flakes. 

As a result, newly hatched fry eat a different variety of foods at the different phases of their development, it’s critical to understand which food you can offer them as they grow.

When angelfish eggs hatch, they won’t immediately swim around in the same tank, but instead, they stay in the wiggler stage connected to the spawning site and eat their own yolks.

Once the yolk is absorbed, the wigglers leave the spawning site and become free-swimming fry.

During the first two days as swimmers, angelfish fry continues to consume some of their yolk sacs. 

After this stage, baby fish need to learn how to eat because the nutritional needs of angelfish fry are critical for their survival. 

Therefore, live foods are the best foods to get their attention.

1. Cultured Foods

a. Infusoria

Freshly hatched angelfish have small bodies, but they need a lot of food.

Therefore, even though they are unable to eat regular food, they still require nutrients to survive; otherwise, they’ll quickly perish.

Infusoria are essentially tiny bacteria that may be found in freshwater aquariums naturally.

However, the amount may not be adequate, so to ensure that there is adequate infusoria in the tank, you can cultivate your own infusoria culture.

Home culturing infusoria is easy and it can help angelfish babies to subsist on it until they can take other foods like newly hatched brine shrimp or micro worms.

To grow infusoria at home, simply take some aquarium water, which already contains naturally occurring microorganisms, and add nutrients to it.

Nutrient materials suitable for growing your infusoria include:

  • Blanched or dried lettuce or spinach.
  • Wheat.
  • Hay.
  • Commercial nutrient Liquify
  • Banana peel.
  • Yeast.

Note: Some infusoria species are poisonous, so be cautious about where you get your nutrients or promote the growth of safe infusoria species.

Add the nutrient to the water and let the mixture sit in the sunlight for a few days. Sometimes, you will be able to see infusoria moving in the water with your naked eye.

Add some of the cloudy water to your aquarium as a nutritious diet for your angelfish fry, which requires frequent infusoria feedings.

b. Newly Hatched Brine Shrimp

When feeding young angelfish, freshly hatched brine shrimp is a highly nutritious diet option.

In fact, brine shrimp is a highly appealing food option for almost all fish different species.

Feeding brine shrimp to your angelfish is only possible while they are still tiny, as baby brine shrimps are little enough (0.08 to 0.12 millimeter) for the angelfish fry to feed on.

This is why you should hatch your own brine shrimp eggs and feed them to your angelfish as soon as possible, for optimum nutritional value.

Brine shrimp hatch and feed setups can be bought from aquarium suppliers and provide your angelfish with a constant supply of freshly hatched brine shrimp.

Alternatively, If you can’t hatch your own brine shrimp, you may use commercially prepared live brine shrimp or feed your angelfish fry frozen baby brine shrimp.

However, bear in mind that newly hatched brine shrimp are significantly superior in terms of nutritional value, and frozen or commercial choices may be hard to match.

How to Hatch Brine Shrimp?

To hatch brine shrimp you’ll need the following:

  • 1.5 litre empty plastic bottle.
  • a tablespoon of rock salt.
  • a teaspoon of baby brine shrimp.
  • a pinch of baking soda.
  • a lamp.
  • a turkey baster.
  • an air pump.
  • plastic tubing.

After acquiring the requirements stated above, you’ll do the following:

  • Using a knife, cut out a circle from the bottom of the bottle, leaving about half an inch around it.
  • Turn the bottle upside down and fill it with a liter of tap water.
  • Add a tablespoon of rock salt (it must be free of additives, such as iodine and anti-caking agents).
  • Add a pinch of baking soda, baking soda will maintain the water pH stable.
  • Add a teaspoon of baby brine shrimp eggs into the water and gently stir until they all sink to the bottom.
  • The tubing should go all way down to the bottom of the bottle, and connect the other end to the air pump. 
  • Turn on the air pump and make sure it has a good connection.
  • Turn on the light and focus it onto the water. This maintains the water warm and allows earlier hatching.
  • Remove the plastic tube and turn off the air pump after the suggested time of hatching (18 to 36 hours). 
  • Wait three to five minutes for the baby brine shrimp to settle at the bottom of the bottle. The shells (darker color) should float to the top of the water.
  • Insert the turkey baster into the bottom of the bottle, then and pull the baby brine shrimp out. They will be orange without their shells.

c. Vinegar Eels

Yet another fantastic cultivated food choice for small angelfish fry is vinegar eels. They’re simple to keep and ready to harvest almost in two weeks.

Despite they go by the names “vinegar eel” and “eel,” vinegar eels are not actually eels, but a non-parasitic roundworm that angelfish fry will consume as part of their diet until they are ready to eat flake foods.

Another advantage of cultured vinegar eels is their short dimensions (0.04 to 2 mm in length and 0.10 mm in diameter), as well as the fact that they may live up to 24 hours in an aquarium.

This implies that angelfish fry would eat throughout the day without fouling the water as quickly as other food sources.

If you want to have a new culture of vinegar eels, then you should follow these steps:

  • Fill a jar halfway with pure apple cider vinegar (no additives).
  • Fill the rest of the tank with RO or distilled water. 
  • Add a few pinches of sugar or some apple slices to the mix.
  • Place the vinegar eel culture in a jar with a lid and close it.

The vinegar eels would appear after about two weeks. Culturing eels is a breeze, on the other hand, harvesting them can be a bit tricky.

Because vinegar eels thrive in a highly acidic environment that is harmful to your fish, it’s critical to remove them from the vinegar as soon as possible, but since they’re so tiny, extracting them would be a challenging task.

But don’t worry! We’ve got you covered and here’s what you need to do to harvest them:

  • Pour the vinegar from the culture into a bottle with a long, thin neck. keep filling it until the vinegar reaches approximately halfway up the bottle’s neck.
  • Place a cotton ball at the top of the bottle’s neck and keep pushing it down until it reaches the vinegar, but don’t submerge it, and then add some fresh water on top of the ball.
  • The vinegar eels can now be retrieved with an eye-dropper after they have relocated to the freshwater on top of the cotton. 

d. Micro Worms

Another type of live, cultivated food that is an excellent addition to the angelfish fry’s diet is Micro Worms.

They’re a great source of nutrients that your fry will appreciate and devour once they have a taste of them.

To start your own micro worm culture all you need is just to follow these simple steps:

  • Get a jar with a lid that you can punch holes into.
  • Mix cornmeal (or rolled oats) with water until it forms a paste.
  • Add a quarter-teaspoon of yeast to the mixture.
  • Pour the mixture into a jar then add the micro worm cultures.

In a few days, the water will turn cloudy and you’ll see tiny worms crawling inside of the jar. Remove them and offer them angelfish fry.

Although they do provide your fry with all the nutrients they require to thrive and develop, micro worm cultures have an unpleasant odor.

2. Home Prepared Foods

Angelfish fry are too small to eat the regular fish food, therefore there are some meals you can prepare for your fry to provide a variety to their diets.

Boiled Egg Yolk

Boiled eggs yolk is a simple, and low-cost easy fry food that you may make at home in minutes without dealing with unpleasant odors caused by cultured foods.

And to prepare this nutritious meal, you’ll need:

  • Hard-boil an egg.
  • Take the shell off.
  • Remove the egg white.
  • Break off a tiny piece of the yolk.
  • Put it in a container with water in it.
  • Shake it up until the yolk dissolves.

3. Commercial Foods

a. Hikari First Bites

What makes this baby fish food special is the carefully selected ingredients that ensure proper embryonic development, healthy swimming ability, and high survival rate.

In nature, the early stages of life are very short making it difficult to provide nutrients directly from egg yolk alone.

This is where First Bites come in! By providing physiological lipids, First Bites enables the natural transition of nutrients for small larvae. Hikari’s marine-derived protein ingredient has been developed to mimic prey protein found in nature which would be ideal during the early feeding stages of life – when fish are very young.

The carbohydrate complex in Hikari First Bites maintains sufficient energy levels required by fish larvae.

First Bites also contains the natural immune-enhancers lactoferrin and nucleotides, as well as antioxidant Astaxanthin and vitamin E., without adding artificial colorings or dyes.

The composition

Fish meal derivatives (from herring caught in North Pacific), fish oil, hydrolyzed animal proteins, starch, nucleotides, lecithin, lysine amino acid chelate, glycerol monostearate, Astaxanthin, and Vitamin E.

The advantages

Rich lipid source for strong growth of young fish Contains no artificial coloring or preservatives Fishmeal derived from herring caught in North Pacific

Hikari First Bites fish food is ideal for fry, infants, small fish, or whenever small fish need to be transitioned to larger foods. Hikari First Bites fish food also works well when feeding large predatory cichlids like Oscars.

Newborn angelfish eggs require immediate care and attention to ensure the young larvae develop properly in both cases where live food is not available and in cases where live food is to be used. 

b. Egg Yolk Powder

Egg yolks fish food can be used as a mixture of flakes and granules. The protein content is high so it is very popular with small fish that eat zooplankton or phytoplankton.

With the powder, you will get a very nutritious mixture that makes it easier for fish to assimilate the energy-rich nutrients.

Yolk powder is particularly suitable for feeding baby angelfish or fish fry because their relatively small digestive system can quickly break down the food components. Compared to artificial foods, egg yolks are richer in lecithin and contain fewer fats, which makes them a suitable food for fish if they suffer from constipation.

In addition to proteins and amino acids, yolk powder also contains many other nutrients that young fry or larvae need in everyday life. The nutrient content of an egg from one hen is equivalent to a little more than a kilogram of various vegetables.

The yolk of an egg is therefore very suitable as a meal for aquarium fish.


  • Fish meal, yolk powder (min.27% protein, max 3% fat), bran, yeast, wheat flour, animal fat.
  • Fat – 3% 
  • Protein – 27%
  • Fiber – 6% 
  • Vitamin C – 50 mg/kg 
  • Taurine – 0.5%

The very low percentage of taurine in this food is due to it will probably be destroyed at a high temperature.


To prepare one portion, you will need 5 grams of powdered food for every 10 liters of water in the aquarium. 

A standard daily ration is about 2-3 teaspoons per 100 liters.

The egg yolk powder can be mixed with flake food, granules, or another type of powder food.

This yolk powder is particularly suitable for tiny fish such as Guppy, Platy, and Baby Catfish.

After everything is set up you’ll do the following:

  • Add enough water to cover the bottom of a cooking pot and heat until boiling.
  • Stir in the egg yolks and turn off the heat.
  • Let stand 1-2 minutes until egg yolk powder is completely moistened and then stir again. 
  • Add 20ml of water for every 5 grams of dry powder used and stir well, so you get the right consistency.
  • Spoon the paste over a sieve to strain out larger clumps and fill an egg yolk sachet (available at some supermarkets) with the rest. 
  • Close the bag and let sit for about 10 minutes until all water is absorbed.
  • Cut a small opening in one corner of the bag and squeeze out a test portion to make sure it is still too moist. If so, add a little bit more egg yolk powder.
  • When you are sure the mixture is manageable, pour it carefully into a hole made in the egg yolk sachet. Carefully squeeze all excess air out of the bag and tie up both ends of the seal tightly with kitchen string.
  • Steam for 15-20 minutes or until paste is completely dry. It is important that the mixture is completely dry because otherwise, you will get mold.

The egg yolk powder can be used immediately, but it is best to keep it in an airtight container for later use.

How Often Should You Feed Angelfish Babies?

To ensure maximum growth, angelfish fry need to be fed on a regular basis.

Angelfish fry should be fed only four times a day. Portions should be tiny enough to be consumed in a minute or two.

This will ensure that your small fry has digested all of the food from the preceding feeding.

Something you should keep in mind is that feeding Angelfish fry less frequently and even with a larger amount will result in malnutrition and debilitation.

Therefore, it’s crucial to have a feeding schedule.

Will Angelfish Feed Their Fry?

Angelfish parents will fiercely protect their eggs and fry, but they won’t provide food for them.

You can see them hovering over their fry as they become free-swimming and begin searching for food. This is a protective instinct, not the adults guiding fry to food sources.

Why Should Not Overfeed Angelfish Fry?

Overfeeding may be deadly to Angelfish since they can eat themselves to death. If the babies ate too much, their digestion will become clogged and they will eventually die.

In addition, putting too much food in the water will diminish the quality of the water and turn it into a hazardous environment. Ammonia and nitrites can quickly build up to toxic levels, poisoning the fish.


Can Angelfish Fry Eat Frozen Food?

For the first few weeks, frozen options aren’t as nutritious or desirable. However, they’ll suffice if that’s the only thing available.

How Do I Know If My Angelfish Fry Are Getting Enough Food?

If your angelfish fry is getting enough to eat, they will be active and have round bellies. However, if they are not getting enough to eat, they will be lethargic and have sunken bellies.

Last Words

Angelfish fry are small, delicate creatures that need careful attention. They need a special diet because their small mouths make feeding them difficult.

Once you have the right knowledge and skills to meet their needs then it’s possible for anyone – even those who may not usually enjoy such tasks-to feed fry!

All you need is patience and you will find that it gets easier as time goes on and your knowledge gradually grows!

We hope you have enjoyed this article as much as we did.

If you still have any questions please share them with us in the comment section below.